I consider that electrons, like all subatomic particles, are formed by “quarks”:
For explaining this picture to you, let me explain first, shortly, our model of entangled gravitational fields.
I consider that atomic particles and sub particles, and the atomic nucleus, are fields created by the intersection of at least two entangled – physically intersected – gravitational fields that vary periodically with the same or oposite phase.
When those entangle gravitational fields expand at the same time – and later they both contract at the same time – they vary with the same phase and the four fields created by their intersection are bosons, do not ruled by the Pauli Exclusion Principle (I will explain in other post a case in which, for us, the Pauli exclusion principle rules dark mirror bosons).
When one of those entangled gravitational fields expands while the other one contracts, they vary with an opposite phase and the four fields that their intersection creates are fermions, ruled by the Pauli Exclusion Principle (You can see in another previous post that we consider that fermionic dark mirror matter violate the Pauli exclusion Principle).
1. Starting by fermions, I distinguish two moments:
In the momentum 1, at the top of the picture, the left gravitational field is contracted and the right is expanded. The field (e-) represents an electron that moves toward the left side (it moves from right to left, you can see with dotted lines the position that this field had in a previous momentum. I consider that these dotted fields as “virtual particles”).
The (Me-) field, with an inverted curvature with respect to (e-), that is placed in the convex side of the entangled gravitational fields, is a dark mirror electron, it has an inverted symmetry. It is an anti electron but with negative charge. (It is not a positron, it is an mirror inverted electron).
The electron (e-) is formed by two quarks: a down quark at the left side of the field, and an up quark at the right side of the field, both with a right to left direction, but different inclinations.
The dark mirror electron (Me-) is formed by two mirror anti quarks: an up mirror anti quark at the left side of the field, and a down mirror anti quark at the right side of the field, both with a right to left direction too, but different inclinations.
(I think that the down mirror anti-quark is a dark quark because it is pointing toward the convex side of the gravitational entanglement).
So, the inclinations of those quarks and dark mirror anti quarks are inverted.
As you can see in the picture, I am identifying the “quarks” with the red arrows that I have drown.
The Neutron field (N), at the left side, experiences the pressure created on it by the electron and the dark mirror inverted electron. In my view, then the neutron is formed by 4 quarks, an up quark, an up inverted quark, a down quark and a dark inverted down quark. (It is not coincident with the current knowledge, currently it is thought that neutron is formed by 3 quarks, 2 down and 1 up).
But the neutron receives an immediate pressure of the down quark of the electron and the up dark mirror quark of the dark mirror inverted electron. These two quarks forme a pion, and they both are mesons too because they are intermediate between the electron – and the mirror inverted electron – and the neutron.
In the momentum 2, when the fields (e-) and (Me-) move toward the right side, acquiring a “positive charge” – so now they are transformed into a “positron” and a mirror inverted positron – the positron (e+) is formed by a down quark at its right side and an up quark in its left side, both pointing toward a left to right direction, but with different inclinations.
The dark inverted positron field (Me+), is formed by an up mirror anti-quark at the right side of the inverted positron field, and a down dark mirror anti-quark (pointing toward the convex side of the entangled gravitational fields) at the left side of the mirror inverted anti-positron field.
The field proton (P), at the right side in the momentum 2, experiences the pressure of the positron field (with their two quarks) and the pressure of the mirror inverted anti-positron, and in an immediate way it receives the pressure of the down quark of the positron and the up mirror inverted anti-quark of the mirror inverted positron.
Those down quark and up mirror inverted anti-quark forme a pion, and they both are the mesons that intermediate between the positron – and the mirror inverted anti-positron – with the proton. (It is currently thought that a proton is only formed by 3 quarks, two up quarks and a down quark).
I consider that gravity is a force of pressure. The neutron’s mass weight at momentum 1 and the proton’s mass weight at momentum 2 is created by the forces of pressure that these fields receive – at each momentum – from those quarks and dark mirror quarks. The force of pressure is created by the displacements of those fields, and these displacements are the unique consequence of the periodical variation of the entangled gravitational fields.
The electron (e-) field, is a “virtual particle” at the momentum 2, as you can see in the dotted field, it does not exist now, but it will exist later again, when the gravitational curvatures of the entangled gravitational fields vary again. It could be possible to say, using the current terminology that the virtual electron has an exact mirror symmetry with the actual positron, and that the virtual positron has a mirror symmetry with the actual electron.
At momentum 1, the neutron field has an opposite symmetry, and an opposite mass, with the antineutrino (ve+) that is the decompressed field of the right side, formed by a top negatively charged quark (the right up quark of the electron), and a button dark negatively charged quark (the left down dark quark of the mirror inverted anti-electron).
These up and button quarks – that are “matter and dark mirror matter” – represent a negative energy of the neutrino (ve-); it is negative because in the previous momentum this field was a proton with a higher positive energy, so now there is a decreasing – negative – energy and a lack of pressure in this neutrino (ve-) field.
At momentum 2, when the left gravitational field is expanded and the right is contracted, the proton field has an opposite symmetry, and an opposite mass, with the current neutrino that is the previos neutron that has been decompressed, and this neutrino is formed by a top positively charged quark, and a button positively mirror dark quark. These up and button quarks represent the negative energy of the left neutrino; it is negative because before this field was a neutron with a higher energy, so now there is a decreasing – negative – energy and a lack of pressure in this field.
The neutron of the momentum 1 is the mirror antiparticle of the proton of momentum 2. They are Dirac mirror antiparticles at different times. And the antineutrino (ve+) of the momentum 1 is the mirror Dirac antiparticle of the neutrino (ve-) at the momentum 2.
(I continue speaking about fermions ruled by Pauli Exclusion Principle).
I think “electronegativity” is not a force of attraction, it is the displacement of the electron/positron field toward the gravitational field that is currently contracted; it is a consequence of that contraction and the expansion of the other gravitational field what is entangled with.
2. In the case of bosons:
In the momentum 1 the left and right gravitational fields are contracted.
Here there is an electron (e-) field at the left side, formed by a top positive quark (it has an orientation toward the right side), and a button negative quark (it is orientated toward the left side).
Its mirror field, at the same time, is the positron (e+) field that is placed at the right side. It has a negatively charged top quark (pointing to the left) and a positively charged button quark (pointing to the right).
Electrons and positrons are currently considered fermions, and here we are now speaking about bosons. Likely it is not accurate to name these fields electron and positron because they are not exactly equal with respect to the fields that I called fermionic electrons and positrons before: this bosons are bigger fields and their spins have different orientations.
Consider if you want to that I am using wrongly these terms but think that it is only a terminology issue, what I am trying to explaining here is that the mechanism is the same than in the case of fermions, although now the consequences are different because in bosons the gravitational fields vary with the same phase not with an oposite one.
The central upper field receives in an immediate way the pressure of the top + charged quark of the left electron and the top – charged quark of the right positron. This two quarks forme a pion. But the central upper field receives the pressure of the 4 quarks: the + top quark and the – button quark of the electron, and the mirror – top quark and the mirror + button quark of the positron.
I consider that this central upper field emite a photon, that is the ascending down to up force that emerge of it in this time of higher energy. So we could say that those 4 quarks create a photon. I think that this central field, in an inaccurate way too, as a “proton”.
At this momentum 1, in the convex side of the entangled gravitational fields, there is a dark mirror “neutrino” acting as an opposite and uncompressed particle with respect to the higher pressured “proton”. Between this dark inverted neutrino and the proton there is the same kind of opposite relation that we saw that had the neutrino and the neutron field in momentum 1 and the proton and antineutrino at momentum 2, when it came to fermions.
So, I have named inverted field “dark” because it is placed at the convex side of the entangled gravitational fields, and “neutrino” because it has the same decompression that we saw it has the neutrino and antineutrino fields in fermions.
In the momentum 2, in bosons, the two entangled gravitational fields are expanded.
Now the energy of the “proton” central field decay.
The electron (e+) field and its mirror particle, the positron (e+) field, are compressed because of the negative energy of the previous “proton” that now is transmuted into an uncompressed field. I consider this decaying energy field as a anti-neutrino. (The antiparticle of the dark inverted neutrino of the momentum 1).
The top and button quarks of the electron, and the top and button quarks of the positron are now mirror inverted quarks with respect themselves at momentum 1. In this sense they could be considered as Majorana quarks, although the masses of electrons and positrons at momentum 1 are different at momentum 2, because the space of these fields are now smaller.
(The time that now is needed to complete an orbit inside these electron and positron fields is smaller than in momentum 1, because although the velocity is the same the space is smaller).
Now the button quark of the electron has a positive inverted charge, and the top quark of the electron has a top inverted negative charge. The button quark of the positron has an inverted negative charge, and the top quark of the positron has a positive inverted charge.
The positive mirror charge of the button quark of the electron, at this momentum 2, and the positive mirror charge of the quark of the positron create the forces of pressure that receives the dark mirror inverted field that before was a neutrino. Now this field is a dark inverted “neutron”, placed at the convex side of the gravitational fields.
This dark mirror neutron, inverted with respect to the currently uncompressed antineutrino, produces an antiphoton that creates an antigravitational force, because its direction is opposite with respect to the direction of the gravitational flux that creates each entangled gravitational field.
I have commented in other post that this dark mirror inverted neutron save the parity in the case of the weak interaction (when the two gravitational fields are expanded).
I think that it is easier to follow the interactions between particles and subparticles looking at the fields that in this view they are. All its periodical transformations of masses and energies that explain the principle of conservation of mass and energy, are for us simple consequences of the cyclical variation of the entangled gravitational fields.
For me, this model is aplicable at an astrophysical level too.